2002: Graduated from Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University. For twelve years, worked as a physician and a gastroenterologist. Title: Board Certified Member of The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine and The Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society. 2014: Assistant Professor in Epidemiology and health Policy in University of Toyama. Current Research Field: Super Diet Education Project, Toyama Birth Cohort Study, Japanese Civil Servant Study, and Toyama Dementia Survey.
Parental Unhealthy Lifestyle And Child Academic Performance
Masaaki Yamada, University of Toyama, Epidemiology and Health Policy, Toyama, Japan
Michikazu Sekine, University of Toyama, Epidemiology and Health Policy, Toyama, Japan
Takashi Tatsuse, University of Toyama, Epidemiology and Health Policy, Toyama, Japan
Aims: Although adulthood unhealthy lifestyle and their health outcomes are often studied, effects of parental lifestyle on children are rarely reported. This study aims to examine the association between parental unhealthy lifestyle and child academic performance.
Methods: Participants were 2109 parents and their schoolchildren, who joined the Super Diet Education Projects in Toyama, Japan. A questionnaire survey was conducted in 2016. Parents were asked about their interests in diet education, Breslow’s seven health habits and household affluence. Children were inquired about their lifestyle and academic performance at school. The response rate was 94.2% (1,987) and then 1695 families (80.3%) were included in our analysis.
Results: The rate of children answering low academic performance was 18.9%. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that parental no interest in diet education (odds ratio; OR 1.59, 1.10-2.27), paternal smoke(1.32, 1.01-1.71), maternal smoke (1.84, 1.28-2.66), study time of child (for less than one hour, OR1.96, 1.44-2.66) and infrequent vegetable intake of children (OR1.84, 1.37-2.47). Although family affluence was significantly associated with children with low academic performance in univariate analysis (for no affluence, OR1.61, 1.14-2.27), the association did not remain in multivariate one (OR1.33, 0.93-1.91).
Conclusion: Not only children’s lifestyles but also parental unhealthy lifestyles were associated with children’s low academic performance. Health literacy should be heightened among parents and children about an importance of diet and a harm of second hand smoke. These enlightenments can lead to closing the health gap1).
Reference: 1, Michel Marmot. The Health Gap, Bloomsbury Press, 2015.